Modena - MO
Numerous natural calamities, major historical events, like the barbarian invasions, led the flourishing Roman Mutina into a period of decline during which its monuments were buried beneath a thick layer of alluvial deposits.
The first priority was to rebuild the walls, within which the city began to develop.
If you come to Modena by car you can park along Viale delle Rimembranze, and go on foot to the centre to see the buildings and the artistic and documentary evidence that build a picture of Medieval civic life in terms of its essential components, namely political, social and cultural activities.
From Viale delle Rimembranze turn right and the road quickly leads to the Largo and Church of San. Francesco, founded in 1244 and rrebuilt in the first half of the nineteenth century.
The area around the church and close to Via San Giacomo, and the islands between Via Emilia, Corso Duomo, Via Sant'Eufemia, Via Badia and Via Bonacorsa, are still of the Medieval type.
At the time Modena had a dense network of canals that flowed into the Naviglio, the main canal that carried boats to the River Po, and from there to Venice.
The houses were mainly built along the banks of the canals, and the toponomy of the streets reflects this past.
From the Church of San Francesco you then turn into Canalchiaro and continue until you reach Corso Duomo, on to which the splendid romanic Duomo (cathedral) faces.
From Corso Duomo the route forks in two directions.
If you take the first street on the left, Via S.Eufemia (Itinerary A), the route will lead you to Largo Porta S.Agostino, where you can see how Medieval Modena looked in the collections of the Art Museum and in the Archives of municipal history.
On the other hand if you turn into Vicolo Lanfranco (Itinerary B), on the left of the facade of the Duomo, the route will take you to the Duomo museums, Piazza Grande and Palazzo Comunale (City Hall).