For those who love archaeology, Modena has the Civic Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology in Palazzo dei Musei, which preserves remains from the Palaeolithic age through to the Lombards with important sections dedicated to the Neolithic, the Bronze Age with one of the most important exhibitions on the terramare, to the local Etruscan civilisation and to Mutina, Roman Modena.

The ground floor of the Palazzo dei Musei is also home to the Lapidario Romano with vestiges of ancient Mutina, founded in 183 B.C, including the altar of Vetilia Egloge, the symbol of the city’s greatness in imperial times.

On the ground floor of the same Palazzo dei Musei is the Museo Lapidario Estense, a collection begun by the Dukedom of sarcophagi, reliefs and inscribed stone slabs, from Roman times up to the Renaissance.

At the Novi Ark Archaeology Park, visitors can walk along an ancient Roman road unearthed during the construction of the Novi Park underground car park.

Fragments of Roman sculpture and reliefs can be found inside the Cathedral as well as in the Ghirlandina Tower.

Just a few kilometres from the city is the Archaeological Park and Open-air Museum of Terramara di Montale, which presents the reconstruction a typical Terramare settlement from the Bronze Age.

Definitely of interest is the Archaeological Museum in Castelfranco Emilia, which offers a permanent archaeological collection and temporary exhibitions, and is where guided tours are organised to the local historical and artistic heritage.

Carpi hosts the archaeology section of the Musei di Palazzo dei Pio.

Significant archaeological findings can be seen in Savignano sul Panaro, whose Museum keeps both a copy of the famous Venus, a Palaeolithic statue (from 35,000 years ago) and symbol of fertility (the original is at the Pigorini Museum in Rome) as well as the skeleton of an elephant that lived two million years ago.

Moving up into the Apennines, the names of the towns and the mountains reveal Celtic origins, with the so called "Celtic huts" in the area of Fiumalbo and S. Andrea Pelago.

Roccapelago is home to the striking Museum of the mummies, discovered under the church and which reveals the uses, religious practices and customs of a mountain community between the sixteenth and the eighteenth century.