Nature and environment

Nirano salse nature reserve

Fiorano Modenese - MO - 41042

Phone: 0522/343238; 0536/833276; 0536/073036



the Visitor's Center is open as follows: October, November, December: Saturdays and pre-holidays 3:00 p.m.-5:00 p.m. - Sundays and holidays 10:00 a.m.-12:00 noon and 3:00 p.m.-7:00 p.m. From March and during the months of April, May, June and September: Sundays and holidays 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. and 3:00 p.m.-7:00 p.m. Closed in January and August. Open upon reservation in July and February.

Free admission

A geological phenomenon of international importance, the Salse originate where fundamentally gaseous hydrocarbon deposits, particularly methane, come into communication with the surface through cracks in the roof of the deposit: the gas leaks out pushing and carrying upward the salty waters associated with the gaseous deposit. The dissolved clays brought to the surface deposit around the opening, creating the typical cones. The Salse, emissions of salty muds, are mistakenly considered pseudo-volcanic in nature. While this is not the only site of this phenomenon in Italy, it is undoubtedly the most important.

To book a guided tour
The guided tours, offered by volunteer eco-guards, must be booked at least 2 weeks in advance by telephoning Gruppo Ecologico Fioranese (G.E.F.I.) Tel. 0536/921214 - Fax. 0536/838718 Cell. 334/3505840.
Payment must be made before the tour by remittance on postal current account no. 14768410 in the name of Comune di Fiorano Modenese - Servizio Tesoreria, specifying the following reason for payment: Salse di Nirano - Visita guidata (guided tour).
The cost of Euro 2,00 per student for each didactic operation serves to partially reimburse management costs and materials. The operator must present a list of the names of the students and the teachers who will be accompanying them.
The educational service includes: the presence of an operator throughout the tour (half or full day depending on the amount of time the school has available), use of the Cà Tassi Visitor's Center rooms and equipment and any didactic materials.
Access to the protected area without a guide is free: nevertheless, adequate advance notice is required by calling 0536/833276- 0536/921214 and the Rules of the Reserve and the rules for proper conduct must be strictly followed.

There are also two restaurants inside the park.

Within the Nirano Salse Regional Nature Reserve, the Ca'  Tassi visitor's center performs the following activities:

  • study and research on natural phenomena
  • collection, filing and updating of technical-scientific documentation on the "salse" phenomena
  • environmental education and didactics
  • guiding and logistics support for visitors
  • reception for individuals and organized groups.


The center is equipped with:

  • auditorium, multi-purpose room, didactic hall for seminars, conferences, viewings
  • environmental laboratory for didactic-demonstration activities and experimentation
  • museum and exhibition area with nature museum and exhibition on the Salse and Hillside ecology
  • library for the consultation of studies and publications
  • covered and open air picnic areas
  • visitor's information and services point.

For information: tel. 0536/833276- 0536/921214

How to get there
By car: drive southwest 17 km from Modena. Take the ex state road 467 that links Fiorano to Maranello as far as Spezzano where you can take via Nirano which rises towards the hills coasting the Fossa river. At Torre delle Oche veer right onto Via delle Salse and, after passing the stream, this road leads to the reserve. Special tourist signs indicating the reserve are found at both Spezzano and the Torre delle Oche intersection.

Management of the Nirano Salse Nature Reserve, Piazza Menotti, 1 - 41042 Fiorano Modenese - tel. 0536/833111 - 833276.