Nature routes

Nirano Salse nature reserve - Spezzano castle

Fiorano Modenese - MO


A geological phenomenon of international importance, the Salse originate where fundamentally gaseous hydrocarbon deposits, particularly methane, come into communication with the surface through cracks in the roof of the deposit: the gas leaks out pushing and carrying upward the salty waters associated with the gaseous deposit.
The dissolved clays brought to the surface deposit around the opening, creating the typical cones. The Salse, emissions of salty muds, are mistakenly considered pseudo-volcanic in nature. While this is not the only site of this phenomenon in Italy, it is undoubtedly the most important.

To book guided tour
The guided tours, offered by volunteer eco-guards, must be booked at least 2 weeks in advance by telephoning Gruppo Ecologico Fioranese (G.E.F.I.)
Tel. 0536/831796 - Fax. 0536/833241.
Payment must be made before the tour by remittance on postal current account no. 14768410 in the name of Comune di Fiorano Modenese - Servizio Tesoreria, specifying the following reason for payment: Salse di Nirano - Visita guidata (guided tour).
The cost of Euro 2,00 per student for each didactic operation serves to partially reimburse management costs and materials. The operator must present a list of the names of the students and the teachers who will be accompanying them.
The educational service includes: the presence of an operator throughout the tour (half or full day depending on the amount of time the school has available), use of the Cà Tassi Visitor's Center rooms and equipment and any didactic materials.
Access to the protected area without a guide is free: nevertheless, adequate advance notice is required by calling 0536/831796 and the Rules of the Reserve and the rules for proper conduct must be strictly followed.

There are also two restaurants inside the park.

Within the Nirano Salse Regional Nature Reserve, the Ca' Tassi visitor's center performs the following activities:
- study and research on natural phenomena;
- collection, filing and updating of technical-scientific documentation on the "salse" phenomena;
- environmental education and didactics;
- guiding and logistics support for visitors;
- reception for individuals and organized groups.
The center is equipped with:
- auditorium, multi-purpose room, didactic hall for seminars, conferences, viewings;
- environmental laboratory for didactic-demonstration activities and experimentation;
- museum and exhibition area with nature museum and exhibition on the Salse and Hillside ecology;
- library for the consultation of studies and publications;
- covered and open air picnic areas;
- visitor's information and services point.

Spezzano Castle
This fortified centre was residence of the Da Spezzano family in the XII century and of the Da Castello family in the XIV century.
In 1535 it became the fief of the Pio family, lords of Carpi and remained one of the most important seats of their rule until the late 1500's.
After a period of dominion by the Estensi family, the castle was enfeoffed to Marquises Coccapani who held it until 1796.
The last owners turned it over to the Town in 1983. The XVI century courtyard, the drawbridge and the XVII century frescos on the inside have all been preserved. Of great interest are of the "Sala delle Vedute" and the "Galleria delle Battaglie" (Hall of Views; Gallery of Battles).
The building holds also the Centro Museale permanente della Ceramica di Fiorano (Fiorano Museum of Pottery) with two sections renewed in September 2004: the Current Section, that illustrates the tile's history in XXth Century and the Contemporary Section that collects some recent pieces of work.


The building hosts exhibitions, displays, meetings, conventions and concerts.
The Castle is rented to private citizens, companies, associations and organisations for receptions, social and/or corporate gatherings, weddings ect.

One room can hold 100 seats that is "Sala delle Vedute". Then there are 4 rooms available holding up to 120 seats.
The portico, courtyard and hanging garden lend themselves also to receptions

For the Sala delle Vedute are granted seats, tables, microphones, amplifications and recorders.On request, are available slide projector and film projector

How to get there
By car: from Modena take the beltway toward Formigine, then turn into the Giardini road S.P. 3 and follow it to Maranello, then follow the directions for Fiorano.
From highway A1, exit Modena Sud and then follow the direction to Maranello.
Before reaching Fiorano, at Spezzano, take Via del Castello.
By train: from the Modena train station, take the inter-city bus to Fiorano
Tel. 0536/833412 - 833418, Fax 0536/832576

IAT Tel.059/2032660 - Fax 059/2032659
Per informazioni e prenotazioni
Modenatur tel.059/220022 - fax 059/2032688

Last update: 12/06/2020