Section of natural and archaelogical history
The Section of Archaeology, full of finds that illustrate local history, exhibits evidences of "Terramare" (Bronze Age), and the remains of Roman settlements in our territory; notable among them: a well, the skeleton of a horse and a tomb faithfully reconstructed.
Regarding the Middle Ages, the finds consist of ceramic used to cook and to serve, up to the first type of Ferrarese graffiti ceramics, almost all the material comes from excavations in the "delle Rocche" Castle. The ceramic collection has been enriched in recent years with the finds from the historical center and the former monastery of Santa Chiara: their nature is very varied, there are specimens from Ferrara, Faenza, Veneto and other places , tangible demonstration of the importance that Finale had in the past as place for favourable exchange and trades with towns even far from Finale itself. An entire room is dedicated to collecting material from the site of furnaces located in the territory of the Final and consisting of graffiti ceramics of XVII century. The archaeological section ends with the production of furnaces which have operated in Finale during XVIII century.
The Section of Geology offers a large collection of rocks and minerals in their division and description, material from every parts of the earth.
The section of Paleontology is rich in relics, as fossils of creatures lived in ancient times, starting from Primary or Palaeozoic Era (650 million years ago) until the Quaternary Age (the present). Among the finds, the most important is surely the jaws a mastodon (ancestor of the elephant) found in Calabria, the only example of this developmental stage of the elephant found in Italy. The collection of Malacology (shells) is also rich, comparing the evolution of species and climates. A display case shows mineral rocks and other finds documenting the researchs in Antarctica. The rooms also host tables and information boards of the various Eras and various studies of the earth, which are well suited to a comprehensive educational discourse.
The Ethnological section consists of the testimony of an Ethiopian tribe and a collection of weapons from 1600 to 1800 (donation Simoni).